Congratulating Africa on the 10th anniversary of the Pelindaba Treaty, don't forget the CTBT!

Congratulating Africa on the 10th anniversary of the Pelindaba Treaty, don't forget the CTBT!
Published: 17 July 2019 (120 Views)
Today, Africa is celebrating its tenth anniversary since the African Nuclear Weapon-Free-Zone treaty also referred to as the Pelindaba Treaty entered into force. The Pelindaba Treaty is a continental treaty that was adopted by African States, and its main objective is to prevent horizontal and vertical proliferation of nuclear weapons on the continent. Not only does the treaty prohibit the acquisition, development, test, or stowage of the nuclear devices by an African State, it also calls upon nuclear States to neither equip any Member State with nuclear devices, nor to dump radioactive wastes on the African territory.

The Pelindaba treaty was initiated by the Organisation of the African Unity during the heads of States Summit at Cairo in 1964, with the aim to have a nuclear free Africa. It entered into force on 15 July 2009 and currently has forty-one ratifications.

The Pelindaba treaty shares features with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which is a treaty that aims to ban nuclear explosions anywhere in the world, and by anyone. Both treaties are inspired by the reduction of nuclear tests, which contribute to overcome international security challenges.  African States have massively adhered to the treaty as forty-six African States have so far ratified the CTBT. Some have ratified the Pelindaba treaty but are yet to ratify the CTBT. Action from them is awaited. Dr Lassina Zerbo, the Executive Secretary of the CTBTO says, "for Africa which has already banned nuclear weapons via Pelindaba Treaty, embracing the CTBT should come naturally". Another group of ten countries have ratified the CTBT, but they have not ratified the Pelindaba Treaty.

These achievements highlight that African States have the will to help put an end to nuclear explosions. It is not late for "hold out" countries to join the others in this global battle.

The CTBT, once in force, is one of the key resources for the Pelindaba treaty due to the latter's verification system including monitoring facilities, infrasound stations, radionuclide stations and laboratories, and seismic stations, that are located in different areas on the continent. In 2003, Kofi Annan reiterated that the CTBT is "a crucial element in the non-proliferation regime". He later added that, ‘'the longer its entry into force is delayed, the more likely that nuclear testing will resume".

African States have understood that an explosion of any nuclear device causes concerns for the global security. Explosions cause health issues due to radioactive fallout that take multiple decades to disappear. Communities are forced to abandon their land and dislodge as the environment becomes a radioactive zone.

All countries have the responsibility to contribute to halt nuclear testing. Africa has an even more important role as the continent that will witness the most rapid demographic and development transformation over the next decades. Without peace, none of the SDGs goals would be achieved. Indispensable collective goals such as food security and access to clean water become unattainable in a world where nuclear tests are permissible.
 
All African States need to fully participate in order to plead for decisions that can not only be beneficial to themselves, but also to the entire world.

Three weeks ago, a young Namibian, Jana Swanepoel, won a prize for her splendid artwork that she had drawn in reconnaissance of the work of CTBTO. This is an achievement of African States. They have the potential to change the world, and they can only achieve this by getting involved in all the processes, and in this context, a full participation, and a spirit of ownership is required to ban nuclear explosions.

The education of younger generations about such treaties is required to ensure young people know the significance of banning nuclear test has for the future.

- Idriss Irakoze

 0

You May Like These Videos

Comments

There are no comments.

Latest stories

Europe sends a strong message to Mnangagwa

by Mandla Ndlovu | 20 August 2019 | 93 Views

Jonathan Moyo, Kirsty Coventry mourn Mnangagwa's 'love-rival'

by Mandla Ndlovu | 20 August 2019 | 84 Views

Our 'scoop' obsessed jurnos, first things first

by Tondorindo Murisa. | 20 August 2019 | 50 Views

A Letter to Zimbabwe National Army Officers

by Poverty-Stricken Zimbabwean | 20 August 2019 | 75 Views

Chamisa's hired soldiers caught with their pants down

by Dr Masimba Mavaza | 20 August 2019 | 80 Views

European Union shocks Mnangagwa's government

by Mandla Ndlovu | 20 August 2019 | 69 Views

Rebecca Malope retires

by Mandla Ndlovu | 20 August 2019 | 111 Views

The Crocodile in Crisis

by The Times | 20 August 2019 | 137 Views

'Zimbabwe to issue cash notes soon'

by Bloomberg | 20 August 2019 | 191 Views

Zimbabwe youths rally behind Chief Ndiweni

by Mandla Ndlovu | 20 August 2019 | 142 Views

Zimbabwean woman forced to give birth standing up in South Africa

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 147 Views

Open letter to Jacob Mudenda: What was your role during Gukurahundi?

by Nicholas Ncube | 20 August 2019 | 102 Views

Moral authority is a pre-requisite for Good Governance

by Big Monday with Tinashe Eric Muzamhindo writes: | 20 August 2019 | 78 Views

Zimdiaspora in final push

by Thabo Makuyana | 20 August 2019 | 94 Views

WATCH: Soldiers in Gweru march on behalf of Chamisa's MDC

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 180 Views

August 16 exposes the MDC's insincerity

by Nobleman Runyanga | 20 August 2019 | 80 Views

Mnangagwa 'love rival' dies

by Staff Reporter | 20 August 2019 | 136 Views

State effects a de facto ban on civilian politics

by Luke Tamborinyoka | 20 August 2019 | 87 Views

Chitembwe signs Harare City deal

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 80 Views

Zanu-PF congratulates Mnangagwa

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 82 Views

Govt hires 19 doctors

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 85 Views

Duo in trouble for assaulting ex-mayor

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 76 Views

Kambarami and Chigora found not guilty

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 86 Views

BREAKING: Bomb scare in Bulawayo

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 87 Views

Match fixing scandal rocks Zifa Southern Region

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 73 Views

Chunga not qualified to coach TelOne side

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 88 Views

Zanu-PF hails Sadc

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 70 Views

Teen gangster pleads guilty

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 65 Views

No pay, no invigilation: Zimsec told

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 62 Views

Chamisa raises ante against Mnangagwa

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 76 Views

Police ban MDC Gweru demonstrations

by Mandla Ndlovu | 20 August 2019 | 52 Views

Zanu-PF vows resistance against MDC 'regime change' plot

by newzimbabwe | 20 August 2019 | 48 Views

MDC's campaign for Chief Ndiweni release worrisome

by Editorial - Newsday | 20 August 2019 | 65 Views

Rural teachers chicken out

by Staff reporter | 20 August 2019 | 39 Views

Protests a form of feedback

by Zanda Shumba | 20 August 2019 | 39 Views